As its name implies, lower back pain refers to the presence of pain in the lower part of the spine (also called the lumbar region).
This type of pain can be either acute (i.e., lasting for less than six months) or chronic (i.e., recurrent and/or lasting for longer than six months). It is also very common. In fact, more than 25% of people living in the U.S. Struggle with lower back pain that negatively impacts their ability to work. Perhaps you’re one of the 40 million Americans who suffer from this type of pain.
Low back pain symptoms can include: dull pain in the area of the lower back, shooting pain that radiates from the lower back through the backs of the thighs and sometimes down the legs (this is called sciatica), and spasming of the muscles found in the hips, pelvis, and lower back.
Some people find that they have more intense lower back pain after they’ve sat or stood for a long period of time. Others find it difficult to walk, stand up fully straight, or move from standing to sitting.
What are the causes of low back pain? To answer this question, it is important to assess whether the pain is primary or secondary in order to determine the cause.
The physical sensation of Primary and Secondary lower back pain is the same, but the causes driving the pain are very different: Primary Pain is caused by sensitization of the nervous system, while Secondary Pain is largely driven by a structural injury or condition.
How can you determine whether your lower back pain is primary, secondary, or a combination of the two? Sign up for Lin and get paired with a pain specialist trained to differentiate between these two types of causes.
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